Advances in Information Communication Technology (ICT) have led to the development of more advanced computer management systems in the Australian construction industry, including Building Information Modelling (BIM). BIM is an ICT-enabled approach involving digital representations of building elements and information related to different phases of the building lifecycle, and is used to provide shared information and to form a reliable basis for decision making. Pilot projects and research papers have verified many claims about BIM, and prove a viable economic case, yet uptake of the technology still remains low. A literature review revealed three key productivity gains experienced by BIM use on a construction project: accuracy, communication and time/performance. Four ICT barriers to its implementation were identified as interoperability, funding and resource cost, cultural barriers and perceived risk, and security and protection. Findings on research done on these barriers in Australia reveal that many companies see the benefits for BIM, but believe other disciplines and the client should implement the model. Construction professionals usually work within their field of expertise, with limited interaction with other disciplines, even though many issues on work sites require collaboration from multiple disciplines. A common medium of communication, provided by BIM systems, will achieve this integrated building approach. This paper finds that ICT barriers prevent the Australian construction industry from taking full advantage of potential productivity gains proven in BIM.
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