It is a proven fact that development and maintenance of road infrastructure are prerequisites for rapid economic growth and poverty reduction. This paper aims to provide a review of challenges faced on rural road network development, the effects of poor rural road network, and the interventions proposed to improve the state of the rural road network. This research is based on literature review. The current challenges stifling the rural roads development are: technically inexperienced constituency roads committee, increased overhead costs, large conflict of interest due to bigger groups involvement, inadequate supervision capacity, transition into the devolved government structures and challenges of road classifications into national and county roads. The negative effects on the rural road network on growth and productivity are delays, and loss of sending farm produce to the market. It is recommended that governments could intervene by; increasing fuel levy, to create an enabling environment for the private sector participation under private public partnership (PPP) arrangements but to name a few. This study advocates for practical policies on rural road network improvement that will lead to the achievement of some of the Sustainable Development Goals 2030. The author views the SDGs as catalyst to correct the ills faced by the majority of the populace currently.
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