Cross-laminated timber (CLT) is now considered a viable alternative to traditional construction materials both in mid-rise and high-rise structures. The structural response of CLT heavily relies on the type of timber used in manufacturing, and this can vary significantly based on the original source for this naturally grown raw material. Spruce has been widely used in Europe for CLT production, but in Australia, locally available radiata pine is used by XLam for the manufacturing of their CLT panels. Self-tapping screws (STS) are typically recommended by CLT manufacturers and are most commonly used in relevant construction due to their high load carrying capacities and easy installation process. VGS STSs produced by Rothoblaas were used to investigate their composite actions when pulled-out from three-layer XLam CLT panels with thicknesses of 105 mm and 135 mm. VGS screws with 11 mm in diameter were inserted both parallel-to-grain and perpendicular-to-grain on the narrow face of the CLT panels as part of the current study. Typical failure modes as well as critical penetration depths were carefully recorded. Obtained results showed significant increase of pull-out capacity as penetration depths were increased for considered cases. However, experimental results also showed some obvious inconsistencies. These observations clearly demonstrate the challenges associated with working naturally grown fibrous materials and highlights the importance of major research on this field.
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