A geographic information system (GIS) is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present spatial or geographic data. The acronym GIS is sometimes used for geographic information science (GIS science) to refer to the academic discipline that studies geographic information systems and is a large domain within the broader academic discipline of geoinformatics. GIS can provide the airport management staff with visual pavement information and powerful analysis tool. Meanwhile, the spatial information managed by GIS can ensure the accumulation of valid attribute data of airport. Based on the principle and general implementation process of GIS and the characteristics of airport pavement management, this paper describes the implementation process of GIS in Airport planning and design. To organize the spatial entities effectively, some layers are set according to the characteristics of spatial entities. The spatial database is established, and then the function design of the GIS software is presented including map exploring, map locating, spatial query, rendering style of map and output of map. Finally, in this paper, an overview of locating airports using GIS studied.
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