# EFFECT OF STRAIN-STRESS RELATIONSHIP OF STEEL TUBE ON THE INITIAL STIFFNESS OF SQUARE CFT COLUMNS

### RYO HANDA, MASAE KIDO, MAO LIU, KEIGO TSUDA

The restoring force characteristic of a concrete filled steel tubular (CFT) column is modeled with three straight lines which show the relation of M-R. The initial stiffness is calculated by assuming that the steel and concrete portions are fully effective and materials are elastic. The first break point is the yield bending moment of the CFT column. The yield bending moment is defined by the bending moment when a part of the cross-section yield or the allowable strength for short-term loading obtained by the superposed strength method. It is supposed that the theoretical initial stiffness obtained by assuming that the whole cross section is effective is different from the real one. This study aims to clarify effects of strain-stress relation on the yield strength and allowable strength for short-term loading and the initial stiffness. Three types of stress-strain relations for steel are used, elastic-perfectly plastic model, Menegotto-Pinto's model and Morino's model. According to the analytical results, the difference between allowable strength and yield strength becomes larger as the axial load ratio, indexes R_{h} and k which are used in Menegotto-Pinto's model and Morino's model increase.

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