The purpose of this research is to investigate the progress of local deformation under finite deformation by using image analysis based on the Natural Strain theory. Since Natural Strain used in the image analysis can satisfy the addition law of strain on an identical line element and can remove the rigid body rotation from shearing strain component, it is an effective strain for representing stress and strain behavior under large deformation. Therefore, in this research, these features of Natural Strain theory will be incorporated into the method of image analysis. In the present study, using the test pieces made of high purity tough pitch copper, the local deformation occurring under large simple shear is investigated by comparing the strains in each element from the upper position to the middle position with the average strain in the gauge length. In order to investigate the progress of local deformation caused by differences of strain hardening in the material, the experiments are conducted under different deformation histories which are given by applying reverse shear after applying forward shear with different sizes. Consequently, it is revealed that if the value of plastic strain obtained by integrating over the whole deformation path is almost the same, the progress of local deformation is approximately the same even if the deformation path is different.
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