Since the 1990s, structural engineering practice geared toward the use of hollow structural sections (HSS), notably square HSS, for their economy, and ease of design and construction. According to the AISC Seismic Provisions, during a severe earthquake, these braces could undergo post-buckling axial deformations 10 to 20 times their yielding deformation. However, recent experimental studies indicate that braces made of square HSS, depending on their size, width-to-thickness, and slenderness ratio, are vulnerable to fracture even prior to 10. Therefore, relying on past experimental studies comprised of a few square HSS specimens to develop seismic requirements for SCBF with square HSS could lead to underestimation of the seismic risk. This paper aims to evaluate the fracture risk of braces in existing SCBFs designed in accordance with AISC 341-05 and AISC 341-16 through incremental dynamic analyses (IDA) along with experimentally developed regression model that estimates fracture.
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