Sulfur storage tanks are integral parts of refineries and gas plants. During the gas sweetening process, liquid sulfur is separated in the sulfur recovery units and is stored in underground reinforced concrete tanks in liquid phase by steam-generated temperatures of 315 °F. Roof of the sulfur pit is about 300 – 400 mm thick reinforced concrete structure with two layers of reinforcement. Inside the sulfur pit, the ceiling and walls are subjected to high temperatures and highly corrosive acidic vapors above liquid sulfur line which leads to severe deterioration of concrete and corrosion of reinforcement in the roof slab. This paper presents the NDT based investigations of the roof slab of the tank using the Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) in a typical sulfur pit with 30 years in service. GPR survey is compared with ultrasonic pulse echo and half-cell potential measurements on the slab. Compressive strength and petrographic examination of selected concrete cores and SEM/EDS and XRD tests on powder samples, from inside the pit are presented.
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