This study investigates the durability of basalt fiber following immersion in a range of chemical solutions representative of the concrete medium. The tests were conducted over a 62-day period and the solutions were sodium hydroxide, sodium chloride, sodium sulfate and combinations of the three. Weight loss was observed in all alkali solutions, with the worst being the combination of sodium hydroxide with sodium sulfate. The impact of chloride was minimal in the alkaline environment and reduced the impact of the sulfate when both were present. Microstructure analysis using a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) found that the silica structure present in basalt fibers was degraded by the OH- from an alkaline medium. The study suggests the need for modification or treatment of basalt fibers before use as fiber reinforcement in concrete.
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