The combined impacts of earthquake damage and aging of concrete material on vulnerable aged dam systems have been typical causes of structural failure. The possible malfunction or loss of these vital systems and components can have serious socio-economic consequences and impacts on potable water resource availability, crop irrigation, and electric power generation. Worldwide extensive work has been done to evaluate the structural safety of aged concrete dam system components and to develop suitable remedial action and rehabilitation strategies. This paper reports a Chemo-Thermo-Mechanical Finite Element model developed by the authors which was used to demonstrate the use of the Finite Element Method (FEM) to model the behavior of a synthetic dam if the concrete is affected by Alkali-Silica Reaction (ASR), applying the slot cutting rehabilitation technique. ASR is a destructive chemical reaction between the cement paste and siliceous aggregate components in concrete materials that causes long-term expansion and degradation of concrete structures, including dams. Slot cutting is recognized as one of the promising techniques suitable to repair concrete dams suffering from ASR. The results show that the FE model could predict the stress and displacement field before and after the sawing of the slot in an assumed dam affected by ASR and demonstrate a promising capability for modeling the repair strategies in real dams suffering from ASR.
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