Bughole (surface air-void) is a concern for surface quality though it rarely decreases strength properties of the concrete structure. In particular, sidewall of NATM tunnel lining which generally has negative angle is a significant concern in the bughole problem. To reduce the surface imperfection of concrete, the authors examined the bughole properties and discussed on construction methods in previous investigations. The present study focuses on the relation of bughole generation and concrete viscosity. A visible test of bughole generation was conducted using high and medium fluidity concretes in addition to the conventional concrete. Bughole distribution and properties were analyzed by the image analysis which was developed in our previous study. This paper reports the effect of concrete fluidity on decrease of bugholes on concrete surface. A remarkable observation in the experimental study is that number and area-ratio of bugholes increased with concrete viscosity while large voids can be decreased by using high/medium fluidity concrete.
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