Reinforced concrete (R/C) chimney with a hole is prone to decrease the strength. Therefore, the particular reinforcements have been placed around the hole. Both meridional and hoop reinforcements have been placed additionally equivalent to the loss amount of reinforcements at the hole and the diagonal reinforcements have been placed to prevent the corner failures as well. Diagonal reinforcements in the shell were curved shape. It is the laborious work to place them. In this analysis, the improved reinforcement method was proposed instead of placing the conventional diagonal reinforcements. In the proposed methods, only the hoop and the meridional reinforcements were arranged around the corners instead of diagonal reinforcements. FEM analyses were done to evaluate the proposed reinforcing method. Numerical model was the cylindrical panel with a rectangular opening. From the numerical analyses, it was concluded that the R/C panel with proposed reinforcement method showed the same behavior as that with conventional reinforcement method.
Full Text (PDF)